Population matters

UNFPAs work on population is central to the goals of the international community to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development.

Population dynamics, including growth rates, age structure, fertility and mortality, migration and more, influence every aspect of human, social and economic development. Other core areas of UNFPAs work --including reproductive health and women's empowerment -- powerfully influence population trends.

UNFPAs work on population is central to the goals of the international community to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development.

Population dynamics, including growth rates, age structure, fertility and mortality, migration and more, influence every aspect of human, social and economic development. Other core areas of UNFPAs work --including reproductive health and women's empowerment -- powerfully influence population trends.

Governments need to be able to gather information about, track and analyse population trends in order to create and manage sound policies and generate the political will to appropriately address both current and future needs. UNFPA assists countries in every aspect of this, as needed, from developing capacity in data collection and analysis to participating in national, regional and global policy dialogue to supporting demonstrative programmes for purpose of upscaling.

In Armenia in population and development sphere UNFPA implements Support to Implementation of Population Policies Project together with RA Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and RA National Statuistical Service.

Armenia Demographic and Health Survey 2010 (preliminary report)

World at 7 Billion

Demographic situation in Armenia raises concerns mainly in regard with three issues: low fertility, aging and migration.

Accordingly:

  • According to National Statistical Service of Armenia (NSS) the fertility rate is 1.4 children per woman while for simple reproduction of population it should be 2.1 and higherIn 2015, 41,815 children were born, which is 2.8 per cent less than in 2014 (43,031), while the total fertility rate has decreased by 0.4 ppm and reached 13.9‰.
  • The share of population of ages 65 or older is 10.6%. According to UN classification a population is considered old when this indicator exceeds 7%.
  • In 2015, departures of RA citizens through RA border crossing points exceeded arrivals by around 47.6 thousand.
  • During the last 10 years the total mortality rate has increased by around 5.9%. In 2015, 27,835 cases were registered, a decrease of 0.4 per cent, while the rate has decreased by 0.1 ppm.

According to NSS estimates, Armenia's population will be 2.9 million people in 2035.


  RA Main Demographic Indicators, as of January 1, 2016

  Resident Population:   2,998,600 (52.2% women, 47.8% men)
  Life Expectancy (2014):   75 years (78.1 - women, 71.8 - men)
  Maternal Mortality:   18.2 per 100000 live births (23 cases - in 2013-2015)
  Fertility:   1.4 children per woman
  Number of Births:   41,815 (in 2015; in 2014 - 43,031)
  Mortality:   27,835 people (in 2015; in 2014 - 27,714)

  Arrivals and Departures to Armenia

  2,709,273 and 2,752,711 accordingly; balance: -43,438 (in 2015)