Publications

New Releases

Rapid Assessment on Government Response to Domestic Violence During COVID-19 Pandemic.

The Assessment was conducted within the EU funded " Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in Armenia" Project, implemented jointly by UNDP, UNFPA and UNICEF.  

Full review

This guidance document has been prepared as part of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)’s Global Programme to Prevent Son Preference and the Undervaluing of Girls, with funding from the European Union (EU), for the period 2016-2019. The programme is being implemented in Azerbaijan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Georgia, Nepal, and Viet Nam. The programme’s overall objectives include South-South learning among the six programme countries, as well as building on the experiences and lessons learned by China, India, Republic of Korea and other countries that have launched laws, policies and programmes to address son preference and sex-selection. For this reason, many examples are included throughout this guidance document from past and current initiatives. The International Children’s Center (ICC), a non-governmental organization based in Ankara, Turkey, is working with UNFPA to support the Global Programme for the period 2018-2019.

Full review

This country profile was developed by the United Nations Population Fund in Armenia as part of the UNFPA Global Programme to Prevent Son Preference and the Undervaluing of Girls: Improving the sex ratio at birth in select countries in Asia and the Caucasus. The programme is funded by the EU and implemented by UNFPA in partnership with the governments, civil society and academia in six countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Georgia, Nepal and Viet Nam. This is the first global programme of its kind, it works with partners to gather information about the root causes of this harmful practice and to raise up the value of girls and women. The programme is managed by the Gender, Human Rights and Culture Branch of the Technical Division of UNFPA Headquarters in cooperation with the UNFPA Regional Offices of Asia Pacific and Eastern Europe & Central Asia. 

Full review

NEWSLETTER ON MARKING THE INTERNATIONAL DAY OF THE GIRL CHILD 2019

Full review

Since the 1980s a growing number of countries have witnessed a rise in their sex ratios at birth beyond the biological norm of 105 male per 100 female births. The trend started in Asia (India, South Korea and China) and spread to the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) and parts of Eastern Europe (Albania, Montenegro) in the 1990s, and more recently to countries like Vietnam and Nepal.

Behind this phenomenon lay entrenched son preference and undervaluing of girls. National and international organizations have become increasingly alerted and a
number of countries have introduced laws, policies and programmes to prevent the further demographic masculinization, which will affect populations for generations to
come. However, little is known about policies and their efficacy in curbing skewed sex ratios at birth. In 2016, the first Global Programme to Prevent Son Preference
and the Undervaluing of Girls was launched by UNFPA with the support of the European Union (EU) to improve the knowledge base and inform policies and
programmes to tackle gender-biased sex selection (GBSS). The present Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Framework was developed as part of this Global Programme.

Full review

This document was produced by ICHD with the financial assistance of the European Union in the frame of “Global Program to Prevent Son Preference and the Undervaluing of Girls”, implemented by UNFPA. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union and/or UNFPA.

Full review

International experience shows that investing in early childhood care and development services is a vital component to ensure women’s access to the labour market, provide them with greater possibilities to achieve a work-life balance and ultimately contribute towards gender equality. The analysis of the development of ECEC policies in the EU between 2014 and 2017 and their impacts on FLFP and gender gaps shows that member states (some more successfully than others) undertook great efforts to boost ECEC enrolment, with the majority of countries achieving a continuous increase in ECEC provision. Concerning Armenia, a provision of efficient ECEC policies would not only be beneficial towards an increased FLFP but at the same time help in combating gender-biased sex selection by providing greater choice and more economic empowerment for women. As previous research has shown, the most important polices that need to be addressed in that matter are the ones concerning ECEC and FLFP. Armenia should thus boost its effort in designing, implementing and monitoring policies offering wide-spread and efficient ECEC provision. The following analysis of ECEC in the EU can serve as guidelines towards well-functioning ECEC policies.

Full review

The efforts to prevent sex-selective abortions in Armenia, specifically implementation of the 2015-2017 Action Plan on Preventing Sex Selective Abortions elaborated in 2015 with the support of the International Center for Human Development (ICHD), the European Union and UNFPA, and ratified by the joint decree of the Minister of Health and Minister of Labour and Social Affair; a series of initiatives carried out by UNFPA and ICHD in 2017-2018; and several projects implemented by other non-governmental organisations, resulted in significant mitigation of the practices of gender-biased sex selection. However, these achievements are still rather fragile and may not be sustained in the light of current political, economic, social, cultural and security challenges. When the country faces serious challenges in the systems that are there to manage uncertainties, including challenges regarding effectiveness of the newly introduced funded pension system and employment services, absence of health insurance and high levels of poverty, any crisis may result in further reduction of fertility rate, which in the light of prevailing gender stereotypes and undervaluation of a girl child will aggravate sex-selective practices, will skew the sex ratio at birth even further and will trigger detrimental consequences. To rest on our laurels and enjoy the current achievements will be an excessive luxury for our country.

Full review

This document was produced by ICHD with the financial assistance of the European Union in the frame of the “Global Program to Prevent Son Preference and the Undervaluing of Girls”, implemented by UNFPA. The views expressed herein can in no way be taken to reflect the official opinion of the European Union and/or UNFPA.

Full review

In Armenia there is a strong preference for having son. Son preference combined with access to advanced technologies that allow early identification of sex of the fetus has skewed the natural balance of the sexes at the time of birth. This is compounded by declining fertility rates, which are down from 2.62 children per woman in the early 1990s to a current average of 1.6 children per woman in Armenia.

Full review

Pages